What is Chalasion and Its Treatment?

In our blog content that we share from time to time, we talk about how important eyelid care is for eye health. In this content, we will talk about a similar subject again. Our topic is Chalazion, which occurs as a result of blockage of the Meibomian glands. Let’s talk about what this disease is and how it is related to eyelid care.

What is Chalazion?

A chalazion is a small, non-infectious lump or cyst that forms on the eyelid. It is typically caused by blockage and inflammation of a sebaceous gland (meibomian gland) in the eyelid. Although similar in size and shape, chalazia are different from styes (hordeolum), which are infections of the same glands. They should not be confused with styes.

What is Chalazion

Main characteristics and symptoms of chalazion

1. Painless Swelling Condition: Chalazion usually starts as a painless swelling or lump on the eyelid. We can say that this is the first symptom it shows.

2. Tends to grow slowly: The lump grows slowly over a few days to a few weeks.

3. Location of Appearance: Chalazia is usually found on the upper eyelid, but it is also possible to find it on the lower eyelid.

4. Redness and Swelling: Over time, the affected area may become red and swollen.

5. Tenderness: Although chalazia are usually not painful, they can cause mild tenderness in the eyes if they press on the eye.

Now that we have talked about the characteristics and symptoms, we can move on to the causes. Here you will better understand the relationship with eye care.

What are the Causes of Chalazia?

One of the biggest causes is the blockage of the meibomian glands that produce oil to lubricate the eye and the accumulation of oil.

Inflammation of the sebaceous glands can be caused by factors such as blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids), rosacea or other skin conditions.

This is where we realize how important eye and eyelash care is. Regular eye care will minimize the possibility of blockage of the meibomian glands. Consequently, a measure with a high level of importance is taken to prevent formations such as chalazion.

What is Chalazion

Chalazion Treatment

1. Warm Compresses: Applying warm compresses to the affected eyelid several times a day can help soften the oil in the blocked gland and promote drainage.

2. Eyelid Massage: Gently massaging the eyelid can help flush out the blocked oil and facilitate healing.

3. Antibiotic Ointments: In some cases, the doctor may prescribe antibiotic ointments to prevent infection or manage associated inflammation.

4. Steroid Injections: For larger or stubborn chalazia, a healthcare professional may administer steroid injections to reduce inflammation.

5. Surgical Drainage: If conservative measures do not resolve the chalazion, a minor surgical procedure may be performed to drain the cyst.

It is important for individuals who suspect they have a chalazion to consult an eye care professional for proper diagnosis and treatment. Chalazion is usually not a serious condition, but prompt intervention can help prevent complications and alleviate symptoms. It is therefore important to seek the support of a specialized physician.

Assoc. Prof. Aylin Kılıç

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