What You Should Know Before Cataract Surgery

Although cataracts are often associated with the aging process, they can also occur in young people and children. It manifests itself as blurring of the lens of the eye and loss of vision. Cataract surgery is the process of removing the clouded lens and replacing it with an artificial lens. In this content, we will discuss the important issues you need to know before cataract surgery, which is the only solution for treatment.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Cataract

Symptoms of cataracts may include

  • Blurred or smoky vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Fading or yellowing of colors
  • Difficulty with night vision
  • Double vision or shaded vision

Your ophthalmologist can diagnose cataracts during an eye examination. By dilating your pupil and examining your eye with special instruments, he or she will determine the presence and degree of cataract.

Katarakt ameliyatiPreoperative Evaluation

Once the decision to operate has been made, your doctor will carry out a thorough evaluation. This evaluation includes the following:

  • Eye Examination: A detailed eye examination is performed to assess your eye structure and the effects of cataracts.
  • General Health Status: Your general health is checked for the safety of the surgery. If you have chronic diseases such as diabetes or high blood pressure, these conditions will be taken into account.
  • Artificial Lens Selection: The type of artificial lens to be worn during the surgery is determined. Multifocal, toric or monofocal lenses are chosen among the most suitable ones for you.

Katarakt ameliyatı

Preoperative Preparations

It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions before surgery. Here is what to do in general:

  • Medication: Your doctor may prescribe medications that you should take before and after surgery. You should take these medicines regularly.
  • Staying Hungry: You may need to fast from a certain time on the day of surgery. You are asked not to consume food and drink during this time.
  • Companion: It is important to arrange for a companion to accompany you on the day of surgery. You should remember that your eyes may be affected after the surgery.

Cataract surgery is an effective solution to restore vision loss and improve quality of life. By following your doctor’s instructions and making the necessary preparations in the preoperative period, you can have a successful surgery and a fast recovery. Remember that every surgical intervention is individual and your doctor will determine the most appropriate treatment plan for you.

Assoc. Prof. Aylin Kılıç

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